Southern arguments for slavery

Palmer then poses the question, "If the South is such a people, what, at this juncture, is their providential trust? The disparity between the two sections grew and grew until there was no turning back.

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The United States Constitution allowed the Atlantic slave trade to be outlawed starting in The following day, newly inaugurated President Abraham Lincoln Southern arguments for slavery, called for 75, volunteers to join the military to help restore the Southern states to the Union.

A Moral History of the Civil War. The invention of the cotton gin was the first step to industrialization, beginning with the textile industry. Many Southerners viewed their bold move as a Second American Revolution.

In an "Address of the people of South Carolina to the people of the slaveholding states," in which South Carolina urged other Southern states to join it in a confederacy of slave-holding states, secessionists noted that the Southern states were subordinate to the North in Congress.

In fact, southerners compared their situation to that of the American colonists who overthrew the British in the American Revolutionary War Captain John Kimber stands on the left with a whip in his hand.

Though they did not fully eliminate slave uprisings, compared to other nations, the Slave States experienced far fewer revolts.

Both sides realized compromise was getting them nowhere, and most of the time politicians refused to present an opinion for fear of breaking the tense ties between the North and the South.

Slavery in America

Georgians and South Carolinians won a moratorium until on any congressional ban against the importation of slaves, but in the meantime individual states remained free to prohibit slave imports if they so wished. Against that backdrop, Lincoln was president on November 6, Though not the focus of this piece, it should be mentioned that it was not altruism that moved the Congress to support such a measure.

To this end the Founders drafted a series of constitutional clauses acknowledging deep-seated regional differences over slavery while requiring all sections of the new country to make compromises as well. The society grew in popularity among both white and black communities that it had hundreds of branches throughout the country, flooding information to the people.

The moral component of the argument fell into the hands of the clergy—and a surprisingly large number of Southern ministers offered a rational moral justification for slavery.

Rather, they note that the master-slave relationship has existed since the beginning of humanity—and, that as long as masters understand their obligation to slaves including the provision of spiritual sustenancethe system is overall an acceptable one.

In other words, Thornwell explains, slavery is simply part of the human condition that highlights human imperfections and that should make individuals work harder to tackle those imperfections. Why or why not? The measure hurt the South in two ways; it made manufactured goods more expensive for Southerners to buy, and also resulted in Britain reducing its import of Southern cotton when the market for British products shrank.

With regard to the assertion that slavery is against the spirit of Christianity, we are ready to admit the general assertion, but deny most positively that there is anything in the Old or New Testament which would go to show that slavery, when once introduced, ought at all events to be abrogated, or that the master commits any offense in holding slaves.

Attempts to justify slavery

Although he claimed to be more interested in preserving a strong union than in ending slavery, the South predicted that his election would lead to an attempt to abolish slavery nationwide.

The Religion of the Lost Cause, — We are two peoples. In the years leading up to the Civil War and through the war years, Southern ministers brought this concept into their pulpits, often using extreme language, such as referring to Northerners as "atheists" and "infidels" Farmerp.

In the North, the abolitionist cause was the driving force behind the message from religious institutions and theologians.Southern pro-slavery theorists asserted that slavery eliminated this problem by elevating all free people to the status of "citizen", and removing the landless poor (the "mudsill") from the political process entirely by means of enslavement.

Slavery became a completely sectional issue, as few states above the Mason-Dixon Line still permitted human bondage. These arguments also revealed the growing separation in the needs and priorities of the northern industrial interests versus the southern planting society, all of which culminated in the Civil War.

The following arguments were put forth in Southern books, pamphlets and newspapers to defend the institution of slavery. Slavery was good for the slaves; the slaveowners took on the burden of caring for the interests of inferior beings, seeing that they would be fed, clothed and given religious instruction.

Slavery was, according to this argument, a good thing for the enslaved by comparison with the poor of Europe and the workers in the Northern states, that slaves were better cared for.

Opponents of slavery. So to the anti-antislavery arguments. We'll start with the Southern argument, which is more complex than the Northern argument.

Antislavery Arguments: An Overview

Slavery in the American South. O Lord, O my Lord! O my great Lord keep me from sinking down. — From a slave song. No issue has more scarred our country nor had more long-term effects than slavery.

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Southern arguments for slavery
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