Some societies have seen nothing wrong with slavery; others view it is a moral abomination. A man should not have sex with his mother. The Untenability of Moral Objectivism The untenability of moral objectivism is probably the most popular and persuasive justification for moral relativism--that it follows from the collapse of moral objectivism, or is at least the best alternative to objectivism.
Those who do not contemplate them are false. Cultural Relativism Cultural relativism asserts that the beliefs and practices of human beings are best understood by grasping them in relation to the cultural context in which they occur.
For instance, an official commitment to equality is belied by discriminatory laws. However, a person does not necessarily need to apply the concept of cultural relativism to not be ethnocentric.
In light of such difficulties, contemporary defenders of descriptive relativism usually prefer a fairly modest, tempered version of the doctrine. Multiculturalism The main idea of multiculturalism is the equal value of all cultures i.
Cultures have different sporting preferences: Of course, the tragic truth is that people can fail and that individuals are unequal in talents and achievements. Accordingly, each person is destined to interpret events according to the sentiments of his racial group.
Once the idea of a universal truth about the good, knowable by human reason, is lost, inevitably the notion of conscience also changes.
And this, as we saw, meant that a human and partial point of view was always taken as an absolute guiding principle. In addition, they argue that there are no objective standards that can be used to evaluate the moral merit or demerit of various cultures.
Most people would agree that lying in court to avoid a fine is wrong, while lying to a madman to protect his intended victim is justified. So there will be nothing to criticize. This leads people to believe that every use of generic male terms is evidence of male antagonism toward women when, in fact, such usage merely avoids awkward phrases and cluttered language.
Essentially, political correctness is a way to rationalize who you are and why you are not better than what or who you are.
So, the content of the theory is at odds with the practice of affirming or defending it. This was mainly due to the fact that China did not come into direct contact with any of the major empires of the pre-modern period.
For instance, the Qing Emperors tended to mistrust the loyalty of their Chinese subjects, and their exclusionary policy against the Europeans was probably motivated by fear that the latter might cause problems among their subjects.
With the decline in religious faith that is a hallmark of modernity, this foundation for morality was shaken. It is positive in that it does not impose the values of one group on another group and does not judge another group as inferior simply because it is different.
The victim mentality is both a cause and effect of multiculturalism. In short, relativistic logic is not, or need not be, the bugbear it is often presented to be. Freedom negates and destroys itself, and becomes a factor leading to the destruction of others, when it no longer recognizes and respects its essential link with the truth.Relativism, the idea that truth is a historically conditioned notion that does not transcend cultural boundaries, has existed since the Greek era, some years ago.
Relativism contends that all truth is relative except for the claim that truth is relative. TPOL S Introduction to Globalization (5) I&S Provides an introduction to the debates over globalization. Focuses on the growth and intensification of global ties.
Addresses the resulting inequalities and tensions, as well as the new opportunities for cultural and political exchange. Topics. Relativism is the idea that views are relative to differences in perception and consideration.
There is no universal, objective truth according to relativism; rather each point of view has its own truth. The major categories of relativism vary in their degree of scope and controversy.
Moral relativism encompasses the differences in moral. Spring Schedule. Click on a course section below and then scroll down to view the classes offered. TPOL S Introduction to Globalization (5) I&S Provides an introduction to the debates over globalization.
Focuses on the growth and intensification of global ties.
Addresses the resulting inequalities and tensions, as well as the new opportunities for cultural and political exchange. Topics. Moral Relativism is the position that moral or ethical propositions do not reflect objective and/or universal moral truths, but instead make claims relative to social, cultural, historical or personal circumstances.; Aesthetic Relativism is the philosophical view that the judgment of beauty is relative to individuals, cultures, time periods and contexts, and that there are no universal.Download