Such trench raiding weapons as trench knives, trench clubs often-times weighted with lead and studded with nailspickaxe handles, hatchets, brass knuckles, entrenching tools, spades and maces were all used to horrific effect on both sides.
German Anti-Tank Rifle These were used to provide a sheltered place for the waves of attacking troops who would follow the first waves leaving from the front trench.
As a result, any progress on the Western Front now required direct assaults on strongly held enemy lines. The Germans often prepared multiple redundant trench systems; in their Somme front featured two complete trench systems, one kilometre apart, with a third partially completed system a further kilometre behind.
After the buildup of forces inthe Western Front became a stalemated struggle between equals, to be decided by attrition.
Indeed, the Great War - a phrase coined even before it had begun - was expected to be a relatively short affair and, as with most wars, one of great movement. This doctrine led to heavy casualties from artillery fire. Behind the pillboxes were more lines of barbed wire and more trenches and dugouts reinforced with concrete to withstand artillery bombardment.
With operational-level flanking maneuvers impossible, both sides dug in, creating a long line of opposing trenches and defensive works that reached all the way to the Swiss border. There were numerous trench networks named "The Chessboard" or "The Gridiron" because of the pattern they described.
Nevertheless it persisted throughout the war, and was more prevalent in quieter sectors of the line. In the Battle of Dien Bien Phu March 13—May 8,which resulted in the French expulsion from Indochina, the communist -led Viet Minh used classic 18th-century siege methods and drove forward an elaborate system of trenches to negate the effects of French artillery and airpower, preparatory to the battle.
Relieving Men at the Front Men were relieved front-line duty at night-time too. France, by contrast, relied on artillery and reserves, not entrenchment. Most importantly, it had machine-gun emplacements to defend against an assault, and it had dugouts deep enough to shelter large numbers of defending troops during an enemy bombardment.
It was futile however: The French captured these lines in and demolished them. The Allies also found that artillery support had to be truly massive to counter the increasingly deep and well-built German trench lines.
Thereafter, the trench would require constant maintenance to prevent deterioration caused by weather or shelling.Trench warfare characterized much of the fighting during World War One, particularly along the Western Front.
Trench systems were complicated with many interlinking lines of trenches. The artillery line was where the big field guns were located. They were used to fire shells at the enemy. The noise. Trench warfare has become archetypically associated with the First World War of –, when the Race to the Sea rapidly expanded trench use on the Western Front starting in September By the end of October the whole front in Belgium and France had solidified into lines of trenches, which lasted until the last weeks of the war.
Trench warfare is a war tactic, or way of fighting that was commonly used on the Eastern Front and the Western Front in WW1. There were several cease fires or truces in the trenches during World War I. Inaround Christmas time, both the British and German soldiers put down their weapons, came out of their trenches and exchanged.
In trench warfare, the two sides fighting each other dig trenches in a battlefield to stop the enemy from advancing. See below for more facts about World War 1 trenches. Trench warfare is a type of fighting where both sides dig deep trenches in the ground as a defence against the enemy.
Before World War 1, trench warfare was mostly used during the Civil War. However, with the wide use of artillery and new inventions like machine guns, trench warfare became a. trench warfare A German machine gun emplacement during World War I. Prints and Photographs Division/Library of Congress, Washington, D.C.
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LC-USZ) The first, or front, line of trenches was known as the outpost line and was thinly held by scattered machine gunners distributed behind dense entanglements of barbed .Download